Difference Between Endocrine And Exocrine

By glands we mean an organized and hyper-specialized set of cells.

Its function in the body is the secretion of certain chemical substances such as hormones, lipids, or mucus.

According to the way they have to lead these secreted substances to their ideal destination, they are classified as endocrine or closed.

That discharges it into the blood capillaries, in the absence of specialized conduits.

And exocrine or open, which have an excretory tube that leads both to the surface and to the light of some hollow organ.

The exocrine, in addition, are subdivided into apocrine.

That loses part of the body cells during secretion), holocrine (all cell content disintegrates during the secretion process) or medicines (they secrete their substances by exocytosis, without cell sacrifice).

What is the difference between exocrine and endocrine glands Quizlet?

The endocrine system is made up of glands that produce hormones in order to regulate processes.

Such as reproduction, development, growth, mood, and metabolism.

Some endocrine glands are: 

Pituitary gland, pancreas, thyroid, adrenal glands, parathyroid glands, ovaries, and testicles.

The exocrine system contains glands that produce and secrete substances that protect or lubricate our body.

Some exocrine glands are: 

Sweat glands, salivary glands, mucous membranes, mammary glands, sebaceous, and tear glands.

Substances produced by the exocrine glands travel through ducts and are deposited on epithelial surfaces.

The endocrine glands are released into the blood and thus reach the cells and organs that require them.

What does exocrine and endocrine mean?

An endocrine gland is one that produces messenger substances known as hormones and discharges them into the blood capillaries.

That carries them to the cells that require them to perform their functions.

An exocrine gland is one that is distributed throughout the body and is part of various organs.

Its function is to produce enzymes and other non-hormonal substances.

Endocrine gland:

It is a set of cells in charge of producing hormones. They discharge without excretory duct directly to the blood capillaries to the target cells that require them to perform their function.

The target organs can also receive hormones, which are regulated by hormones.

The main glands that make up the endocrine system are:

Pineal gland.

Thyroid gland.

Kidney glands.

Gonads: testicles and ovaries.

Liver. Pituitary or pituitary (posterior lobe and anterior lobe)

Hypothalamus.

Pancreas.

Parathyroid.

Kidneys

Exocrine gland: 

The exocrine glands are a group of glands distributed throughout the body and are part of various organs and systems.

They are responsible for producing non-hormonal substances that perform specific functions.

These glands secrete chemicals through tubes that carry these substances into a cavity, organ, or body surface.

What are the examples of exocrine and endocrine?

Examples of endocrine glands:

Hypophysis:

Also known as the pituitary gland. It is located inside the skull and brain.

From where it produces hormones that regulate the functioning of the entire endocrine system, operating as its primary center of functioning.

Hypothalamus: 

Also located in the brain, like the pituitary gland. It hormonally controls sleep and hunger, water level and body temperature, as well as other aspects of blood life.

It is the crossing point between the nervous and endocrine systems.

Thyroid:

It is the central gland of metabolism. This gland is located in the front of the neck.

It is particularly sensitive to iodine and is responsible for regulating the processing of sugars and lipids.

That is why it is vital for body health. Its poor or excessive functioning can lead to radical weight loss or gain.

Pancreas: 

A mixed gland (exocrine and endocrine) is located behind the stomach.

Its endocrine functions play a vital role in the metabolism of sugar (and therefore energy), through the generation of insulin and glucagon.

Kidney glands: 

They are responsible for the production of hormones vital for certain bodily reactions, such as adrenaline.

Ovaries: 

The female sex glands play a vital role in the sexual maturation of women.

Especially in the activation of menstrual cycles and the physical and behavioral alterations typical of sexual awakening.

Its main hormones are progesterone and estrogen.

Examples of exocrine glands:

Sweat glands: 

Located throughout the skin, it consists of thin tubes that connect to the outside through the pores.

through which they secrete sweat: a salty substance made of excess liquid fat, whose role is to cool and refresh the skin.

Sebaceous glands: 

Also located in the skin, at the end of the hair follicles, they secrete the necessary sebum to keep the skin lubricated and moisturized.

Thus, avoiding drying out. Its obstruction leads to folliculitis and acne.

Lacrimal glands:

Responsible for producing tears, composed of water, sodium chloride, and albumin.

It is to keep the ocular surface clean and the external cornea nourished, in addition to acting as a moisturizer to allow blinking.

Mammary glands: 

It is similar to all female mammals. They are responsible for producing the milk that will feed the young during their first vital stages. They are a glandular set that pours its substances directly into a single conduit that leads to the outside.

Prostate: 

An exclusive organ of the male reproductive system. It is located at the outlet of the urinary bladder.

It is responsible for secreting the various substances that will accompany the semen during ejaculation, such as nutrients, enzymes, and various antigens.

Bartholin’s gland: 

It is called as the major vestibular glands.

They are located on either side of the opening of the vagina and secrete lubricating fluids that facilitate penetration during intercourse.

Which organ is both an endocrine and exocrine gland Quizlet?

The pancreas has both exocrine and endocrine functions. It is because besides releasing hormones into the blood.

It also produces digestive juices, that are carried by ducts into the small intestine.

What is the largest gland in the endocrine system?

The pancreas is the largest gland in the endocrine system and it is located in your belly.

This gland makes many hormones including insulin that helps glucose. That is the sugar in your blood, enter the cells of your body.

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